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Types of Phytonutrients

Types of Phytonutrients



 

Phytonutrients are available in supplement form. However, they are best consumed as nutrient-rich foods which the G-factor™ Whole food powders provide.
Supplements don’t provide all the necessary nutrients to sustain the body and therefore it is important to remember that your supplement regime is part of an overall healthy exercise and diet regime.

 


Carotenoids

Carotenoids are pigments in plants that are responsible for the bright-coloured hues of vegetables and fruits. There are more than 600 carotenoids, and they must be consumed through foods and sources of fat. Some common types of carotenoids include:


• alpha-carotene
• beta-carotene
• beta-cryptoxanthin
• lutein
• lycopene
• zeaxanthin


Carotenoids act as antioxidants, and some can be converted into vitamin A. They support immune system function, eye health and reduce your risk of cancer. Some foods rich in carotenoids are:


• Pumpkins
• Carrots
• Spinach
• Kale
• Tomatoes
• Oranges
• Yams

 


Ellagic acid

Ellagic acid is a phytochemical known for reducing cancer risk and lowering cholesterol. Ellagic acid has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The highest levels of ellagic acid are present in raspberries. Other foods rich in this compound include:

• Strawberries
• Blackberries
• Grapes
• Pomegranates
• Walnuts
• Pecans



Resveratrol

Resveratrol is found predominantly in grapes — specifically, the grape skin and wine. This compound supports cardiovascular and cognitive health. Resveratrol has also been associated with increased cerebral blood flow.


Resveratrol can be found in other foods:


• Peanuts
• Pistachios
• Strawberries
• Blueberries
• Dark chocolate

 


Flavonoids

Flavonoids are one of the largest groups of phytonutrients. This compound is rich in antioxidant properties and anticancer activity. There are many subgroups of flavonoids, including:


• flavones
• anthocyanins
• flavanones
• isoflavones
• flavonols


Some foods rich in flavonoid compounds are:


• green tea
• apples
• onions
• coffee
• grapefruits
• legumes
• ginger


 


Phytoestrogens

These compounds are associated with reducing the risk of cancer, heart disease and osteoporosis.


Phytoestrogen mimics estrogen in the body, which may be beneficial for women in relieving discomfort from hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms.


However, some studies have shown phytoestrogens may disrupt hormone function.


Be mindful of your intake of phytoestrogens and get to know how they may impact your body, as everyone is different.


Foods rich in phytoestrogen compounds include:


• Soy
• Broccoli
• Oranges
• Carrots
• Coffee
• Legumes


Glucosinolates
 

Glucosinolates are compounds found predominantly in cruciferous vegetables. They are known for helping to regulate inflammation, metabolic function, and stress responses. Glucosinolates have also been associated with cancer prevention. Studies in rats and mice found that the compounds that form from broken down glucosinolates inactivate carcinogens and protect cells from DNA damage. However, this has not been proven in human studies. Common foods rich in glucosinolates include:


• Broccoli
• Bok Choy
• Cauliflower
• Brussel sprouts
• Cabbage
• Mustard

 

 

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